Scarlet Oak

Quercus coccinea


Native to the Eastern U.S., the Scarlet Oak with its deeply lobed leaves is beautiful for use in irrigated landscapes. Its bright, orange-red fall color develops later in the fall than other oaks.


Scarlet Oaks prefer moist, fertile and well drained soil and will happily grow in a lawn. Some trees may retain dead leaves in winter, especially in younger trees; this varies by climate and the individual tree.


Note that any tree grown in a lawn may develop surface roots unless irrigation is properly managed. Tree roots need both air and water in the root zone. Lawns are frequently overwatered, resulting in water-logged soil with no air in the root zone. Check your tree’s root zone to see if it is water-logged or too dry. The best method is to dig a small hole about 12 inches deep and look at the soil: if it is bone dry, there is not enough water; if it is muddy, there is too much water; if it is moist like a cake, it is just right. Alternatively, you can use an inexpensive moisture meter from your nursery or hardware store and look for a “moist” reading.

Scarlet Oak

Height: 60 to 75 feet
Spread: 40 to 60 feet
Growth Rate: moderate

Irrigation needed: medium water
Fall Color: bright orange-red
Flowers:  inconspicuous
Seeds/Fruit: small acorns (1 inch)

Planting Distances
Front of green utility box: 8 feet
Building, paving, swimming pool: 20 feet
Fence, underground utilities: 6 feet
Overhead, high voltage lines: 30 feet

Scarlet Oaks in Fall
Leaf and Acorn